Born in 1939, American artist Judy Chicago is a pioneer of American feminist art. Women, the history of their domination and their struggles, their art, and their lives are the themes that run through her work. Believing in the need to teach this, she created the first feminist art program in 1970 in California. One year later, together with Miriam Schapiro, she founded the Feminist Art Program at the California Institute of the Arts to encourage feminist artists to express themselves. Her famous piece The Dinner Party (1974–1979), which takes the form of a large triangular dinner table laden with multiple symbols, pays homage to 39 women overlooked by history. Her teaching career is inseparable from her work as an artist, which took multiple forms, from painting to sculpture, photography, and video.
Judy Chicago is a major figure in the contemporary American art scene and one of the first to have addressed social and environmental issues at the same time.